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Learn to Speak Gargish

Discussion in 'UHall' started by deadite, Sep 9, 2008.

  1. deadite

    deadite Sage
    Stratics Veteran Stratics Legend It's My Birthday

    Jun 17, 2004
    Likes Received:
    With Gargoyles coming as a playable race, I thought it might be interesting to look into the language that Origin developed for the Gargoyle race. This should be especially helpful to those who haven't played the older Ultimas but would like to roleplay the Gargoyle race according to canon.

    Please excuse the length. Without further ado:

    The Language of the Gargoyles
    by Origin Systems Inc.


    "Gargoyle" is an English corruption of gargl, the Gargoyles' name for
    themselves and their language. An informal word for gargl as the name of
    the Gargoyle language is "Gargish".

    Spoken Gargish is grammatically rather flexible. Distinctions between
    nouns, adjectives, and verbs are indicated by gestures and intonations.
    This flexibility is also apparent in the names of magic spells derived from
    Gargish phrases. "Vas Sanct Lor", for instance, is derived from the Gargish
    vas saengkt lor, but it is equally correct to say saengkt vas lor or even
    lor saengkt vas. Gargoyles tend to omit words they consider to be
    unnecessary complications, like pronouns, and they often speak in
    infinitives. While a Human attempting to speak Gargish might come up with
    something like ¡ est ker ¡ le vid £ prae, "I'm certain that I've seen you
    before", a Gargoyle would simply say ker le vid prae (or more
    idiomatically, ker prae vid le), "to be certain having seen before". With
    practice, it's possible to deduce the implied pronouns in a Gargoyle
    sentence, but it's not always easy.

    Unlike spoken Gargish, the written language has no way to mark the
    intonations and gestures that make the speech intelligible, so there are
    suffixes that mark words as being verbs, nouns, or adjectives, and also
    indicate the tense and aspect of verbs. In many cases, these are words
    which are meaningful by themselves, such as the adjectival suffix -de,
    which means "of" in isolation. Here is a list of the most common suffixes:

    -char "part" (names a tool used for doing a certain action, such as
    agrachar "weapon")
    -de "of" (marks adjectives or adverbs formed from nouns, verbs, and other
    -ku "with" (forms adjectives, such as mirku "watery")
    -le "end" (marks past tense or perfective aspect of verbs)
    -lem "one" (similar to English -er in baker, writer, miner, etc.)
    -re "begin" (marks future tense of verbs)
    -sa "able" (similar to English -able, ible)
    -tas "quality" (marks abstract nouns, such as *motas "love", vs. *mo "to
    -te "in" (marks present tense or imperfective aspect of verbs)
    -ve "like" (forms adjectives, such as misve "similar")


    Most gargoyles have names that describe their profession. Lensmaker
    (Lorrelinlem) is an example of that type of name. Other names are
    meaningful, like Behlem, the Just One. But many gargoyles, particularly the
    elite, have names which are meaningless in themselves, like Drax¡nusom. A
    number of these names are listed in the vocabulary.


    Gargoyles have an alphabet of 30 characters, arranged in a 5x6
    pattern. Similar sounds are grouped together by rows and columns.
    For instance, the first row, transcribed as p b m f v u, represents sounds
    that are produced with the lips, and the s ounds in the first column, p t
    ch kl k, are all voiceless stops. (The remaining rows are: t d n s z e, ch
    j ny sh zh i, kl gl nl hl l o, and k g ng h r a.) The letter u also serves
    to represent w at the beginning of a syllable when followed by a vowel. The
    sequence k-u is sometimes pronounced ku, as in kuante, but more frequently
    kw (traditionally transcribed as qu), as in quas. Three of the letters (
    ny, nl, and hl) serve only to complete the chart, and are not found in
    contemporary spoken Gargish.

    The Gargish language has long and short vowels. They are not normally
    distinguished in spelling, except where this would cause confusion. For
    example, uus means "up," but us means "diligence." In this document, long
    vowels are marked with an accent: us vs. £us, s£m vs. summ.


    Here are a few samples of Gargish sentences translated literally, then into
    more idiomatic English.

    Teresta sit lem antende n¢m.
    place-that lie ones not-have-of name
    Here lie those that had no names.

    Estatim i perle lorrel re inw¡slor k¢dex ad quad.
    that-time I used light-change begin make-know-light codex upon cube
    Then I used the lens to form an image of the Codex upon the cube.

    Žnte esta terreg m*n¡te m£r an¡sh zen.
    in that place-home living number strange creature
    In that land live many strange creatures.

    A qua lemm£r w¡ste, an zen anku vol verde w¡s.
    but what ones-number knowing, not creature not-with wing true-of knowledge.
    But as everyone knows, no creature without wings is truly intelligent.

    Žnte k¢dex skr¡le pr¡ ben esh ver res qu¡ quae.
    in codex written one well and true answer any problem
    Within the Codex is written the one right and true answer to any problem.

    Anvolde lem ansa l¢k, esh anten sk¡tas de volde lem.
    not-wing-of ones not-can speak, and not-have know-ness of wing-of ones
    The wingless ones cannot speak, and lack the intelligence of the winged

    T£ rete ku kl¡ axi: £n, or, esh us.
    all beginning with three principle: control, passion, and diligence
    All begins with the three principles: Control, Passion and Diligence.

    Ita anai de axi vid£kte trak semde bentas, ord.
    thus not-there-is of principle see-guiding toward seven-of well-quality,
    Thus the absence of the principles points toward the seventh virtue, Order.


    a (a) but; yet
    ad (ad) upon
    ade (ade) however
    a{o (aglo) armor
    agra (*gra) attack; hit
    *gra-char: weapon
    *gra-char-in-lem: weaponsmith
    *gra-lem: fighter; guard; warrior
    *gra-tas: struggle
    ah (*h) sixty-four
    ai (ai) there is; there are
    ai-re: there will be
    ailem (*ilem) matter; thing
    *ilem-de: solid
    ak (ak) sharp
    aki (aki) hawk
    alb (alb) white
    aksi (axi) principle
    axi-m£r: the three principles
    ali (ali) (an)other
    alt (alt) deep
    am (am) honesty; honest
    amo (*mo) love
    *mo-lem: friend; loved one
    an (an) negate; negative; not; none; no
    an-ai: absence
    an-*ilem: nothing
    an-*mo: hate; hatred
    an-*mo-lem: enemy
    an-bal-sil-fer: False Prophet
    an-ben: sick; ill
    an-ex: slave; enslave
    an-ex-por: lock; locked; closed
    an-flam: cold; douse; put out
    an-h£r: calm
    an-in: destroy
    an-jux: safe; untrap; remove danger
    an-kad-sa: infallible
    an-kal: banish
    an-kans: famine
    an-kred: discredit
    an-ku: without
    an-lor: dark; darkness
    an-lor-tim: night
    an-m*n¡: hurt; harm
    an-m£r: few
    an-m£r-de: countless
    an-nax: cure poison
    an-nax-*ilem: antidote
    an-ord: chaos
    an-ort: negate magic
    an-por: still; motionless; stop; lock; rest
    an-quas: real; reality
    an-rel: static; constant; unchanging
    an-s*: cannot
    an-saengkt: unprotected; curse(d)
    an-ten: lack
    an-tim: never
    an-vol-de: wingless
    an-w¡s: foolish; unwise; forget
    an-zen: inanimate
    an-z£: awake; wake up, awaken
    aniw (an¡sh) strange
    anmanivas (anm*n¡vas) Anmanivas (name)
    ansikart (ansikart) Ansikart (name)
    ante (*nte) enter; in; into; within
    aper (apér) open
    apér-ter: door; gate
    apta (*pta) proper; correct
    *pta-de: properly
    arb (arb) bush; vegetation
    arb-flam: forest fire
    arc (arch) bow
    arg (arg) silver
    ari (ar¡) berserk
    ark (ark) hide; keep (away)
    art (art) master
    atri (*tri) hall
    au (au) or
    aud (aud) hear; listen; ear
    aud-char: song
    aur (aur) gold
    aurvidlem (aurvidlem) Aurvidlem (name)
    auks (aux) help
    avatar (*vatar) Avatar
    bal (bal) evil; bad; doom
    bal-lem: Evil One
    bal-sil: prophecy
    bal-sil-fer: prophet
    bal-zen: monster
    beh (beh) justice
    beh-de: proper
    beh-lem: just one; judge
    ben (ben) well
    ben-de: properly; well
    ben-fin: success
    ben-in: craft
    ben-in-*ilem: artifact
    ben-in-lem: goodscrafter
    ben-in-tas: precision
    ben-mon-tas: administration
    ben-om-m*n¡: prosperity
    ben-tas: virtue
    bet (bet) small
    bet-lem: child
    bet-ter-m¡r: well
    bet-tim: young; new
    bet-zen: insect
    betra (betra) Betra (name)
    bolew (b¢lesh) Bolesh (name)
    brak (br*k) arm
    can (chan) allow
    chan-por: admit
    chan-por-tas: admittance
    car (char) part
    char-zen: member
    daemon (d*em¢n) daemon
    de (de) belong; possess; of; from; than; like
    delsa (delsa) soft
    des (des) reduce; lower; down
    des-*ilem: hail; meteor storm
    des-de: below
    des-in-tas: foundation; underpinning
    des-lem: Gargoyle worker
    des-por: descend
    des-ter: valley
    des-ter-m£r: underworld
    dig (dig) finger
    dis (dis) apart; asunder
    don (don) give; drop; yield
    (drax¡nusom) Draxinusom (name)
    duk (d£k) guide
    dur (dur) for (period of time)
    drak (drak) dragon
    ek (ek) six
    ekui (equi) horse
    er (er) so
    ew (esh) and
    est (est) be; exist; is; are
    esta (esta) that; those
    esta-de: thereby; therewith
    esta-tim: then
    eks (ex) freedom; free; release
    ex-por: open; unlocked
    fel (fel) wrong
    fel-tas: error
    fel-w¡s: false; falsehood; lie; fable
    feluka (fel£ka) Felucca (the moon)
    fer (fer) bring; bear
    fin (fin) end
    firm (f¡rm) close; shut
    flam (flam) flame; fire; heat
    flam-tim: summer
    fodus (f¢dus) Fodus (name)
    for (for) strong
    foranamo (foran*mo) Foranamo (name)
    forbrak (forbr*k) Forbrak (name)
    forlem (forlem) Forlem (name)
    forskis (forskis) Forskis (name)
    ful (ful) brown
    gar{ (gargl) Gargoyle; Gargish
    {or (gl¢r) glory
    grat (grat) thank(s)
    grav (grav) energy; power
    gres (gres) out; exit; way (out)
    gres-por: exit; leave; go out; hatch; begone
    harm (harm) harmony
    hiuman (hi£man) human
    horffe (horffé) Horffe (name)
    hori (hori) gray
    hur (h£r) wind; air
    i (¡) I, me
    ide (¡de) my
    ilem (¡lem) we, us (he/she/they and I)
    in (in) make; create; cause; form; become
    in-bet: shrink; focus
    in-des: reduce
    in-ex: free; release
    in-flam: ignite; burn
    in-h£r: blow
    in-jux: threaten; endanger
    in-korp: die; kill
    in-lor: illuminate
    in-m*n¡: heal
    in-m*n¡-lem: healer
    in-nax: poison (v)
    in-ort: enchant
    in-ten: maintain
    in-por: go; come
    in-por-dis: avert
    in-saengkt: protect
    in-vas: grow; enlarge
    in-w¡s: learn; teach; study
    in-w¡s-l¢k: interpret
    in-w¡s-lor: create an image
    in-zen: born; birth
    in-z£: fall asleep
    inforlem (inforlem) Inforlem (name)
    init (init) begin
    inmanilem (inm*n¡lem) Inmanilem (name)
    int (int) join
    (inw¡sl¢klem) Inwisloklem (name)
    ista (ista) this
    ita (ita) thus; so
    jur (j£r) oath
    juks (jux) danger; harm; damage
    jux-ark: protect (from harm)
    jux-w¡s: alert
    kad (kad) fail; collapse
    kah (kah) sacrifice
    kah-m*n¡-zen-de: sacrificial
    kans (kans) use; consume; eat
    kans-in-lem: foodmaker
    kal (kal) summon; call; greet; hello; usher in
    kal-ort: cast (a spell)
    kas (kas) helm
    kat (kat) fall
    ker (ker) sure; certain
    ker-de: to be sure; certainly
    kir (k¡r) circle
    qar (kl*r) bright
    qau (klau) chamber
    qep (klep) take; get; steal
    klep-lem: thief; pirate
    qi (kl¡) three
    kl¡-tim: thrice
    kodeks (k¢dex) book; codex
    kor (kor) courage
    korp (korp) death; dead
    kred (kred) believe; think; consider
    kredon (kred-don): entrust
    krill (krill) Krill (name)
    ku (ku) with
    ku-*nte: within
    ku-por: combine
    kul (kul) knife
    lai (lai) joy
    lap (lap) stone; rock
    laplem (laplem) Laplem (name)
    le (le) end; action completed; could
    le-in: achieve
    le-in-tas: achievement
    leg (leg) read
    lem (lem) he, she, it, they; him, her, it, them; one; those
    lem-de: his, her, its, their
    lem-m£r: everyone; those
    len (len) gentle
    len-tas: gentleness
    librum (l¡brum) librum
    liy (ling) language
    lok (l¢k) say; speak; tell
    l¢k-de: talking
    lor (lor) light
    lor-rel: lens
    lor-rel-in-lem: lensmaker
    lor-tim: day; daytime
    lum (lum) humility
    lup (lup) wolf
    mag (mag) important
    man (m*n) remain
    m*n-char: remains
    mani (m*n¡) life; healing; live
    m*n¡ *ilem: food
    manu (m*nu) hand
    mar (mar) sea
    mek (mek) sword
    mek-lem: swordsman; fighter
    mel (mel) black
    min (min) less
    mir (m¡r) water
    m¡r-m*n¡: healing potion
    m¡r-sarp: sea serpent
    mis (mis) same; too
    mis-tas: balance
    mis-tim: also
    mis-ve: similar
    mon (mon) to lead
    mon-w¡s: advice
    mont (mont) mountain
    mu (m£) compassion
    mul (mul) pride
    mur (m£r) number; multiple; group; many
    m£r-om: society
    naks (nax) poison (n); poisonous
    (nax*tilor) Naxatilor (name)
    naw (n*sh) Nash (name)
    neb (neb) mist
    nes (nes) require; must; has to
    ni (ni) no; neither
    nom (n¢m) name
    o (o) by
    ok (ok) eight
    ok-de: eighth
    om (om) spirituality
    om-de: sacred; holy
    om-jux: desecrate
    or (or) passion
    orb (orb) moon
    orb-lap: moonstone
    orb-rel: phase of moon
    ord (ord) order
    ort (ort) magic
    ort-lem: mage
    ort-m¡r: magical potion
    os (os) bone
    ov (ov) egg
    pa (pa) by
    pal (p*l) pale
    par (par) equal
    par-de: equally
    ped (ped) foot
    pen (pen) five
    per (per) use; function
    per-sa: valuable
    pisk (pisk) fish
    plu (pl£) more; most
    pl£ ben: better
    por (por) move; movement; moving; bring
    por-*ilem: take; remove
    por-char: leg
    por-m¡r: stream; river
    pos (pos) follow; after
    pos-tim: future; will; shall
    prae (prae) before; precede
    prae-tim: past; was; ago
    prae-tim-de: ancient
    pri (pr¡) one; unity; first
    pr¡-de: single
    pr¡-in: unify
    pr¡-lem: lord; king; ruler
    pr¡-tas: singularity
    kua (qua) what; which; as
    qua-lem: who; some
    qua-ter: where
    qua-tim: when
    qua-w¡s: why; because; reason
    kuad (quad) cube
    kuae (quae) problem
    kuaeven (quaeven) Quaeven (name)
    kuan (quan) Quan (name)
    kuar (quar) four
    kuas (quas) illusion; illusionary
    quas-korp: fear; illusion of death
    quas-zen: clone
    quas-*ilem: duplicate
    kui (qu¡) any; anything
    kuo (qu¢) how
    ra (ra) valor
    rap (rap) quick; urgent; now
    rap-tim: quickly approaching; nigh
    re (re) (in order) to; to begin; will; shall
    re-in: begin
    reg (reg) home
    rel (rel) change; changing
    rel-por: moongate; moongate travel
    res (res) answer
    reski (resk¡) remember
    rit (rit) ritual
    rot (r¢t) turn
    ru (r£) red
    runeb (r£neb) Runeb (name)
    sa (s*) can; able; may
    sadis (sadis) pain; torture
    sadis-t£rn: dungeon
    saeykt (saengkt) protection
    saengkt-grav: force field
    saengkt-lor: invisible; invisibility
    sal (sal) spring (forth)
    sarp (sarp) serpent; snake
    sarp-an-zen-ex-lem: snakecharmer
    sarp-ar¡-lem: berserker
    sarpliy (sarpling) Sarpling (name)
    sek (sek) two; both; second
    sek-de: other
    sel (sel) choose; select
    sem (sem) seven
    sem-de: seventh
    semi (semi) half
    sent (sent) feel; feeling
    si (si) if; whether
    sik (sik) dry
    sil (sil) star; astrology; prediction
    silamo (sil*mo) Silamo (name)
    sini (s¡n¡) blue
    sinvraal (sinvr*al) Sin'Vraal (name)
    sit (sit) lie; rest
    ski (sk¡) know; knowledge; tell
    sk¡-tas: intelligence; knowledge
    skis (skis) cut; tear apart; separate
    skri (skr¡) write; writing
    skr¡-lem: writer
    sku (sku) shield
    sol (sol) only; but
    son (son) sound
    sum (s£m) suppose
    summ (summ) honor
    sur (s£r) sun
    ta (ta) shoot
    ta-re-por: boomerang
    tablap (tablap) slab
    tan (tan) touch
    tas (tas) quality
    te (-te) present tense of verbs; action in progress; in
    te-in: continue
    te-m*n¡: survive
    te-m*n¡-tas: survival
    te-per-tas: persistence
    tem (tem) storm
    ten (ten) have
    ter (ter) place
    ter-alt: interior; bowels (of earth)
    ter-*ilem: plane
    ter-*nte: entrance; mouth (of cave)
    ter-ark: hiding place
    ter-esta: there
    ter-flam: fireplace
    ter-h£r: sky
    ter-init: original(ly)
    ter-ista: here
    ter-ista-por: come
    ter-m¡r: lake
    ter-m£r: world
    ter-ort: temple; shrine
    ter-por: reach
    ter-reg: land
    ter-vas-arb: forest
    ter-z£: bed
    teregus (teregus) Teregus (name)
    tim (tim) time; wait
    tim-por: arrive; come
    trak (trak) to; toward; for; unto
    trak-por: pull; draw
    trak-tas: direction
    tramel (tr*mel) Trammel (the moon)
    tri (tr¡) interesting
    tu (t£) all
    t£-tas: whole
    t£-tim: always; forever
    turn (t£rn) cave
    u (£) you
    ul (ul) final; last
    ul-tim: ultimate
    ulem (£lem) you (pl): you and they; "you-all"
    um (um) shadow
    un (£n) control
    uy (ung) claw
    urs (urs) bear
    us (us) diligence
    us-*gra-lem: troop-leader
    us-arb-vas-lem: leader of farmers
    uus (£us) increase; raise; up
    £us-lem: Gargoyle leader
    £us-por: ascend
    vaglem (vaglem) wanderer
    valkadew (v*lkadesh) Valkadesh (name)
    vas (vas) great; big; long; ultimate
    vas-*ilem: everything
    vas-an-ben: plague
    vas-an-lor: eclipse
    vas-arb: tree
    vas-arg-sarp: silver serpent
    vas-des: bottom
    vas-korp-*gra: battle; war
    vas-m¡r: ocean
    vas-por-*ilem: tremor
    vas-quas: confusion
    vas-tim: old; age; epoch; great time
    vas-£us: top
    vas-w¡s: (great) knowledge; (ultimate) wisdom
    ve (ve) like; as
    vel (vel) even
    ven (ven) find
    ver (ver) true; truth; right
    ver-de: truly
    ver-in-de: perfect
    ver-vid: heed; respect
    vers (vers) all right
    vest (vest) search
    vestas (vest-tas): quest
    via (v¡a) path; course; road
    vid (vid) see; look; view; eye
    vid-lem: seer
    vid£k (vid-d£k): point
    vid£k-tas: sign
    vir (v¡r) green
    v¡r-m¡r: swamp
    vit (vit) glass
    vol (vol) fly; wing
    vol-de: winged
    vorteks (v¢rtex) vortex
    ui (w¡) we, us (you and I/me)
    uide (w¡de) our
    uilem (w¡lem) we, us; all of us (you, they, and I)
    uis (w¡s) know; knowledge; wise; wisdom; intelligent
    w¡s-char: head
    w¡s-de: wisely
    w¡s-lem: scholar
    w¡s-lor: see; vision; image
    uislem (w¡slem) Wislem (name)
    uissur (w¡ss£r) Wis Sur (name)
    zaw (zash) something; somewhat
    zen (zen) creature; being; animal
    zen-korp: undead; daemon
    zen-m£r: race; people
    zen-t£: body
    xel (zhel) iron
    xen (zhen) family
    zu (z£) sleep
    z£-*ilem: sleep dust
    z£-tim: winter

    Copyright © 1996 by Origin Systems, Inc.
  2. Leanan Sidhe

    Leanan Sidhe Guest

    Wow... that reminds me of wayyyy back when and learning Lumarian
    great read, thanks for posting!
  3. Assia Penryn

    Assia Penryn The Sleeping Dragon
    Stratics Veteran Alumni

    May 20, 2008
    Likes Received:
    Although most aren't playing UO anymore.. someone else might be able to find the information on the language my rp guild has on our website. It includes the graphic symbols as well. There are links on the left hand menu to more content about gargish including dictionary, writings, etc. It took me forever to put it together, so I hope someone gets some use out of it still. Enjoy :)


    For others who already have www.onyxflame.net bookmarked. Under UO menu select RP Information>Languages>Gargish